The third seal of the City of Stockholm, depicting the crowned head Medival Paintings of Eric the Saint, attested for the first time in 1376.
Coat of Arms of Stockholm, depicting Eric the Saint of Sweden and based Medeval Paintings on the medieval seal.
Eric IX of Sweden (or Erik the Lawgiver or Mediveal Paintings Erik the Saint. In Swedish he is simply known as Erik den helige or Sankt Erik which Medieal Paintings translates as Erik the Holy and Saint Erik respectively) Meideval Paintings (c. 1120 – May 18, 1160) was a Swedish king c.1150 – 1160. No historical records of Eric have survived, and all information about him is based on later legends that were aimed at having him established as a saint.
As later kings from the House of Eric were consistently buried to Varnhem Abbey near Skara in Västergötland, the family is considered to have Geatish roots like other medieval ruling houses in Sweden. Based on the information that his brother Joar was a son of Jedvard (Edward), modern sources call him also Eric Jedvardson. He was a rival king, from 1150, to Sverker the Elder who had ascended the throne c.1130 and was murdered 1156, after which Eric was recognized in most or all provinces. Eric's reign ended when he was murdered in Uppsala. He's said to have been murdered by Emund Ulvbane, an assassin who was hired by people working for the Sverker dynasty, in order for them to regain the control of the kingdom, or alternatively by Magnus Henriksson, another claimant, who is said in some sources to have succeeded him briefly as king. People from Sweden recognized a miracle after Erik's death, since a fountain was told to have sprung from the earth where the king's head fell after being chopped off.
He would later be made a saint whose feast day in the Catholic Church is 18 May (but he was never formally canonized by the Catholic Church). The relic casket of Eric is on display in Uppsala cathedral (Uppsala domkyrka). The casket contains bones of a male, with traces of injury to the neck. Eric is the patron saint of Stockholm and depicted in the city's coat of arms.
According to legends, Eric did much to consolidate Christianity in his realm and spread the faith into Finland. In an effort to conquer and convert them, he led the victorious First Swedish Crusade against the marauding Finns and persuaded an English Bishop Henry of Uppsala to remain in Finland to evangelize the natives, later becoming a martyr there.
Eric was responsible for codifying the laws of his kingdom, which became known as King Eric's Law (also the Code of Uppland). Additionally, he established a monastic chapter in Old Uppsala, which had come from the Danish abbey of Odense.
In reaction to Eric's insistence that tithes be paid to support the Church as they were elsewhere in Europe, some Swedish nobles joined forces with Magnus, son of the king of Denmark. Eric was accosted near Uppsala at Ostra Aros as he was leaving church after hearing Mass on Ascension Day by the rebelling Swedish nobles. He was thrown to the ground from his horse, tortured, ridiculed, then beheaded.
The king was buried in the church of Old Uppsala, which he had rebuilt around the burial mounds of his pagan predecessors. In 1167, his body was enshrined; and his relics and regalia were translated to the present cathedral of Uppsala, built on the site of Eric's martyrdom, in 1273.
In an effort to consolidate his position, Eric's son Knud encouraged the cultus of his father as a martyr. Facts and fiction about his life were inseparably mixed together. The translation of Eric's relics extended the depth of his cultus. On his feast there were processions from the cathedral to Old Uppsala to petition for a good harvest.
Saint Eric is portrayed in art as a young king being murdered during Mass with the bishop Henry of Uppsala. In Uppsala cathedral there is a series of late medieval paintings depicting Eric and Henry of Uppsala.
Married to Kristina from the House of Stenkil.
- Canute I of Sweden, King of Sweden 1167-1196.
- Katarina Eriksdotter, married to Nils Blake.
- Margareta Eriksdotter, married in 1185 Sverre I of Norway,died in 1202.
Sverker the Elder
|King of Sweden
Categories: Murdered kings | Swedish saints | Swedish monarchs | Rulers of Finland | 1160 deaths