Wedding of Landshut (German: Landshuter Hochzeit), is one of the largest historical pagaents in Europe. Countless visitors from all over the Medival Wedding world have taken part, or have been spectators of the "Landshuter Hochzeit Medeival Wedding 1475", a pageant that is among the greatest in Europe. More Medeval Wedding than 2,000 participants in medieval costumes bring the festival to life in all the splendour Mediveal Wedding of the Late Middle Ages. It commemorates the wedding between Hedwig, the Polish King's daughter, Medieal Wedding and Georg, the son of the Duke of Landshut.
Every four years Meideval Wedding the medieval wedding is reenacted, and everyone gets carried away with medieval jousting, pageantry, feasting and wedding processions for a short period in the summer.
- 1 History
- 2 Normal Schedule of Events
- 2.1 Wedding march
- 2.2 Games of riders and knights
- 2.3 Life in the quarters
- 2.4 Festival performances
- 2.5 Dancing performances
- 2.6 Festival games in the nightly quarters
- 2.7 Music in 1475
- 2.8 "Laudate Dominum"
- 2.9 Masquerade
- 2.10 Taverna in the narrow of Stecken
- 2.11 Meeting in the old part of town
- 3 Actors and participants
The festival is held in memory of the wedding between Georg, the son of the Bavarian Duke, and Hedwig, daughter of the Polish King Casimir IV, in 1475.
The wedding was negotiated in 1474, in Cracow through legations. The marriage was of importance, because it was seen as a strong alliance against the Turks. At the time, most royal marriages were not entered into because of love, but because of political motivations. It took the bride two months to travel to Landshut, where she was received by Princes and Bishops.
The bridal pair got married in St. Martin's Church, and the service was officiated by Salzburg's Archbishop Bernhard von Rohr. Afterwards the bridal procession proceeded through the Old Town to the Town Hall. Ten thousand people attended the affair and they were provided food and drink by the festival sponsors.
Livestock eaten at the original festival
- 320 bullocks
- 1,500 sheep
- 1,300 lambs
- 500 calves
- 40,000 chickens
In 1902 a society called "Die Förderer" (the sponsors) was founded to re-animate the Landshuter Hochzeit, one year later the first bridal procession took place.
Normal Schedule of Events
Time: Sunday morning
Place: Dreifaltigkeitsplatz, Altstadt, Postplatz, Bischof- Sailer- Platz, Neustadt, the same way back to the Tunierplatz
Around two thousand people of Landshut take part in the wedding march. The guests such as noblemen, citizens, servants and poor people move through the city to the church of St. Martin where the bishop of Salzburg celebrated the marriage ceremony in 1475. After that the march ends at the Tunierplatz (Place of challenge).
Games of riders and knights
Time: Sunday morning (after the wedding march)
Place: Tunierplatz (Place of challenge)
The wedding march leads to the lawn of challenge (Wiesmahd) on which the bride was greeted at once by her groom. Finally young noblemen fight in an exciting challenge for the prize of honor which is given from the bride while the others take place at a great table.
Life in the quarters
Time: Friday, Saturday and Sunday evening
Place: Quarters at the place of challenge
The different groups created their quarters near the challenge place, where the guests of the wedding end the day with music and good food.
Time: evenings, Sunday morning
Place: "Rathaus - Prunksaal" (Town - Hall)
The festival performances show the visitors the preparing of the wedding. The author Leopold Ahlsen describes in a comedy the bride's difficult trip from Krakau to Landshut. Death and plague were the constant companions of the march from Poland to Germany.
Place: After the festival performances in the town hall
At the festival evening the groom and his bride met with the noble guests for dancing. Different groups show their dances like for example the exotic dance of the moors.
Festival games in the nightly quarters
Time: Saturday evening
Place: Place of challenge
The day before the wedding thousands of guests have reached Landshut after a long trip and have to pass the time until the wedding day. They are in their quarters, in bars or look at games and shows of different artists like tumblers and fire-eaters.
Music in 1475
Time: Saturday and Sunday morning
The music band "Landshuter Hofkapelle" offers music of the 15th century how it was played at once in bars and especially at noble festivals.
Time: Saturday evening
Place: Church St. Jodok
A choir, called "Ad libitum" perform a concert. It focuses on works of famous composers like Pierre de la Rue and Josquin des Pres, who was one of the most significant composers in the Middle Ages in Europe and Guillaume Dufay. Additionally short instrumental pieces comprise the program in St. Jodok
Time: Wednesday, Thursday, Friday evenings
Place: Residenz (residence)
Musicians and dancers of the Landshut are invited to an atmospheric evening in courtyard of the residence. They try to point out the history of Mr. Asinus, a farmer who became a nobleman.
Taverna in the narrow of Stecken
Time: Thursday and Friday evenings
The proprietor of the Taverna offers different things to eat and good wine or beer. Comedians, called "Joculatores" celebrate an evening full of voluptuousness to put some life into the party.
Meeting in the old part of town
Time: Saturday evening and Sunday moring
Place: Old part of town ("Altstadt")
At this weekend some groups liven up the old part of town with music and dancing like in former times. Comedians try to support the atmosphere with their coarse jokes.
Actors and participants
The real heroes of the "Landshuter Hochzeit" are those people, who act as bishops, aristocrats, bride and bridegroom. Without these people, the festival couldn't take place. The actors are chosen from a commission of the association "Die Förderer". Every person, who wants to become a member of this association and who wants to take part in this big event has to live near Landshut. The "Förderer" has its beginning in 1903, when it was established by the restaurant owner Georg Trippel and the factory owner Joseph Linnbrunner. After this year the festival took place every 4 years, with breaks during the first and second world war. So far, the members of "Die Förderer" rose from 855 to 5000 during the years 1973 to 2004.
Category: Cultural festivals